Virginia Circuit Courts

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Virginia’s Circuit Courts are the only trial court of general jurisdiction in the Commonwealth. Circuit courts handle the following types of cases:


Civil Actions


  • Where the monetary claim is over $4,500 but not exceeding $25,000, the circuit court has concurrent jurisdiction with the general district court


  • Where monetary claims exceed $25,000, the circuit has exclusive original jurisdiction


  • Attachments


  • The validity of a county or municipal ordinance or corporate by-law



  • Wills, trusts, and estate matters


  • Property disputes


  • Adoption


Criminal Cases


  • All felonies, after the preliminary hearing and/or indictment by a grand jury
  • Misdemeanor offenses that are appealed from the district court or originated from a grand jury indictment
  • Transfer or certification of felony offenses committed by juveniles




  • Appeals from the general district or juvenile & domestic district courts; these appeals are heard de novo


  • Appeals from administrative agencies


Circuit Courts also handle any case for which jurisdiction is not specified in the Code of Virginia.


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Learn about Virginia’s District Courts


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